The infrastructure on Bonaire can be divided into three different elements: the road network, the port and the airfield.
The road network
The road network is a combination of metalled and unmetalled roads that lead across the island. Specifically, the central part (Kralendijk) and leading towards the north (Rincon) have metalled roads. In addition, you can travel from north to south on metalled roads. The roads desperately need to be resurfaced/repaired. The road network features hastily repaired stretches of tarmac that grow worse and worse with each passing year. The growth of the population (and the large rise in the number of road vehicles on the island), the large quantities of rain water and the heavy lorries and buses are hard on the roads. So far, the government has not presented any strategy for tackling the road network on a structural basis.
Bonaire’s airfield is an international airport called Flamingo International Airport. There are airlines that operate in the region (such as Divi Divi Air and Insel Air, who both have headquarters on Curaçao) as well as some larger companies based in the Netherlands and the United States of America. KLM (daily flights) and TUI (4 times a week) fly from the Netherlands, combining the journey to Bonaire with stops on Aruba or Curaçao; Delta Airlines (from Atlanta) and United Airlines (from Houston and Newark) fly from the US to Bonaire at least once a week. The airfield has a 3-kilometre landing strip, which is long enough to accommodate all types of aircraft. In addition to the above, a Canadian company called Sunwing will start weekly flights as from winter 2017, flying directly to and from Toronto on Saturdays. Furthermore, there are constant talks about new flights with new/existing airlines. According to figures from the Statistics Netherlands, around 136,000 passengers passed through the airfield in 2016.
The sea port
Bonaire’s port has two piers and is deep enough to accommodate the largest of ships. The piers are used for both goods and passengers. In the high season (November to March), lots of cruise ships moor there. In 2017, a total of 217,000 passengers disembarked on Bonaire and that number is expected rise in the future.
Goods arrive via a “Roll-on Roll-off” system; the shipping containers are loaded onto trailers so that, when they reach Bonaire, they can be driven straight off the boat onto a lorry, which is necessary because Bonaire does not have a large crane to unload the containers directly off the boat. This explains why all cargo must be shipped via Curaçao. It is a factor that raises prices and businesses must take it into account. Talks are being held about acquiring a crane so that it is possible for larger ships to unload on the island, but nothing has been settled yet.