The infrastructure of Bonaire may be divided into various sections: the airport, ports, road network and ICT infrastructure.

Airport

Bonaire has an international airport, known as Flamingo International Airport. The airport has a runway of almost 3 km in length, which is long enough to accommodate all types of aircraft. The major airlines that fly to Bonaire are KLM, TUI, Delta Airlines and United Airlines. In addition, WestJet is commencing flights from Toronto. Other cities that can be reached directly from Bonaire are Amsterdam, Miami, Houston, Atlanta and Newark. Smaller airlines (Divi Divi Air and EZ Air) service the region and fly to Curacao and Aruba. From there, there are countless options to continue on to destinations in Central and South America. The airport provides zones for both short-term and long-term parking and it has a number of facilities and shops. Almost all major car rental companies have a customer service counter located at the airport.

According to figures from Statistics Netherlands (CBS), about 160,000 passengers passed through the airport in 2019.

Port

Bonaire has a number of ports. The main port of Bonaire has two piers and is deep enough for even the largest ships. The piers are used for both goods and passengers. During the high season (November up to and including March) they are utilized by numerous cruise ships. Goods are transported through a so-called roll-on roll-off system; containers are placed on a platform on Curacao and on Bonaire they are driven straight off the boat by truck. This is necessary because Bonaire does not have a crane large enough to lift containers from the boat directly. This is the reason why cargo often has to be transported through Curacao and it is a factor that entrepreneurs must take into account.

Road Network

The network of roads across the island comprises of a combination of paved and unpaved roads. The majority of paved roads are located in the central area of the island (Kralendijk) and the area towards the north (Rincon). The government is currently constructing a number of roundabouts in order to promote safety and improve traffic flow, and has also been improving the roads around the schools. Work is continuing on a plan to further improve the road infrastructure.

ICT

Bonaire is connected to telecommunications with the rest of the world by means of two sea cables via Curacao and Miami. In addition to this, providers on Bonaire purchase international capacity (IP transit) from providers on Curacao, which is often realized via terrestrial transmission between Curacao and Bonaire. Bonaire has three mobile telephony providers, one fixed telephony provider, two fixed internet providers and three providers of television. Demand for capacity continues to grow steadily due to population growth. End users often express their concern about the quality and the quality to price ratio of mobile telephony and the fixed internet.

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